Home Staff Login Career Contact FAQ
     
     
     

Climate change and sea level rise: issues and challenges for coastal communities in the India Ocean region (Page-17)

~Golam Rabbani,A. Atiq Rahman and Nazria Islam

Climate change is one of the greatest threats to human lives and livelihoods in coastal regions all over the world. It will significantly aggravate existing hazards such as flooding from cyclones and storm surges. Other climate-induced risks, including sea level rise, salinity intrusion, drought, and temperature and rainfall variations, are becoming serious threats to food, water, energy, and health security for humankind.

 

The coastal countries of the Indian Ocean region from East Africa to Southeast Asia are highly vulnerable to climate change. Many are especially endangered because of their geographic location and topography. Bangladesh and Vietnam, for example, are predicted to be among the most substantially affected countries in the world because of the large portion of their populations living in major river deltas exposed to sea level rise. In Bangladesh, the shallow and funnel-shaped Bay of Bengal intensifies cyclones and storm surges, increasing their impact on the country’s low-lying coastal plains. Tropical cyclones hit Bangladesh some 29 times in the second half of the last century, with one of the most devastating taking 138,000 lives in April 1991.

 

Additional factors—including excessive population growth, poverty, lack of awareness of climate risks, and unplanned urbanization—make the region all the more susceptible to climate-induced extreme events. Currently, about 20 percent of South Asia’s population lacks access to water services, and more than 27 percent are without adequate food. Climate change and climate variability threaten to push these figures even higher in a number of countries in the region. A 5-meter rise in sea level, for instance, would submerge 11 percent of the productive land of Bangladesh and displace over 30 million people. Even at lesser amounts of sea level rise, saline intrusion into both soil and freshwater could force millions of people from their homes in search of safe water for drinking and other uses.

 

 
 Click to view this article in Climate change and sea level rise: issues and challenges for coastal communities in the India Ocean region (Page-17)

Articles

More Articles

Newsletters


BEN

Clime Asia
Click to See Previous Newsletters
 
 
Climate
Climate Change And Development Link
Dhaka
Dhaka City - State Of Environment (SOE) 2005
Facing
Facing Up To Climate Change In South Asia
Promoting
Promoting Eco-Friendly Agricultural Practices in the Chanda Beel/Area
Adverse
Adverse Impacts of Climate Change on Development of Bangladesh Integrating Adaptation Into Policies and Activities
Adverse
Adverse Impacts of Climate Change on Development of Bhutan Integrating Adaptation Into Policies and Activities
Adverse
Adverse Impacts of Climate Change on Development of Nepal Integrating Adaptation Into Policies and Activities
Climate
Climate Change and The Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism Stories From The Developing World
South-North
South-North Dialogue On Equity In The Greenhouse A Proposal For An Adequate And Equitable Global Climate Agreement
Adaptation
Adaptation Day at Cop 9
Global
Global Environmental Outlook 3
Mainstreaming
Mainstreaming Adaptation To Climate Change In Least Developed Countries (LDCS)
Groundwater
Groundwater Resources and Development in Bangladesh Background to the Arsenic Crisis, Agricultural Potential and the Environment
The
The End of Development? Global Warming, Disasters and The Great Reversal of Human Progress
Natural
Natural Resource Management-Towards Better Integration
People’s
People’s Livelihoods at the Land-Water Interface Emerging Perspectives on Interactions between People and Floodplain Environment
People’s
People’s Livelihoods at the Land-Water Interface Emerging Perspectives on Interactions between People and Floodplain Environment
Global
Global Environment Outlook 2000
Amader
Amader Poribesh Our Environment (Training Manual)
Paribesh
Paribesh Biddya
Environment
Environment Profile: Bangladesh
Guide
Guide to the Environmental Conservation Act 1995 and Rules 1997
From
From Flood to Scarcity: Re-Defining The Water Debate In Bangladesh (Working Papers, Environment and Development Series No. 1)
Drinking
Drinking Water, Bathing and Sanitation The Risk to Human Health in Rural Bangladesh (School of the Environment, Environment and Development series No. 2, Working Papers)
Asia
Asia Least-Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy (ALGAS)- Bangladesh
Vulnerability
Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change for Bangladesh
Exploding
Exploding the Population Myth: Consumption Versus Population - which is the Climate Bomb?
Wetland
Wetland Resource Management in Chanda BeeL
A
A New Initiative For North-South Dialogue On Climate Change Good Practices, Technology Innovation And New Partnership For Sustainable Development Challenges and Opportunities in Implementing the Climate
National
National Environment Management Action Plan (NEMAP) (4 vol)
     
 
Staff Login
Feedback: info@bcas.net
Total Visitors:   34080