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Climate Compatible Development (CCD) in Agriculture for Food Security in Bangladesh (Case Study)

~Dwijen Mallick, Ashraful Amin and Atiq Rahman

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Background of the Case Study in Bangladesh

For many developing countries ensuring food security remains a key development challenge. There are multiple aspects that constitute food security, from food production to access to markets and the resilience of food systems to external risks. Different sectors play a role, with, of course, agriculture being the most important.

There is a wealth of literature indicating that climate change will have severe negative effects on agriculture and broader factors constituting food security, especially in lowlatitude countries (IPCC; 2007; Hoffmann, 2011). This is true even for moderate levels of temperature increase (2°C) and especially in smallholder systems with little adaptive capacity and high vulnerability (Vermeulen et al. 2010). At the same time, agriculture is a key source of greenhouse gas emissions (IPCC 2007; Hoffmann 2011). Thus, “modern food systems need to be adapted to enhance food security and minimise negative environmental feedbacks” (Ericksen et al. 2010: 115). A transformation of food systems towards more flexible approaches and through lifting the productivity of small-scale farmers can make agriculture become an essential part of the solution and bring about new opportunities for the rural poor (Hoffmann 2011, IFAD 2010).

In this context, Germanwatch and Perspectives are coordinating this project with the objective to conceptually support policymakers and stakeholders in developing countries. The project is financed by the Climate & Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) and exemplarily carried out in cooperation with partners form three low-income and food
deficit countries: Bangladesh, Kenya and Honduras. The following three organizations are local partners from the respective country.

1. Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) in Dhaka, Bangladesh
2. African Centre for Technological Studies (ACTS) in Nairobi, Kenya
3. Fundacion Vida (FV) in Tegucigalpa, Honduras

The overall aim of the research is to provide conceptual support to policymakers and stakeholders on Climate Compatible Development (CCD) on agriculture and food security issues. Further, the project aims to examine how integrated adaptation and mitigation policies as well as food security-related strategies can harness international
climate finance in an effective manner. The sub-objectives are:

  • Advance the understanding of what CCD means for agricultural policies that aim at ensuring food security of vulnerable populations;
  • Advance the understanding of how national climate change strategies can promote CCD in the area of food security, involving both adaptation and mitigation; and
  • Development of recommendations for a host country national climate strategy “gatekeeper” to integrate climate funding streams for the agriculture sector in a way that mitigation and adaptation benefits of a given funding opportunities are maximized.


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